Federal security service, the FSBOfficial site
Director - Alexander Bortnikov
The largest fragment of the KGB was turned into that was later to be known as the Federal Security Service. But firstly the new secret service was pruned to resemble something similar to Britain’s MI5. It was not a coincidence that firstly the FSB was named the FSK where K meant Kontrrazvedka – counter-intelligence. Only in 1995 was the FSK renamed the FSB, replacing Kontrrazvedka with much wider term Bezopasnost - security.
In December 2000, then FSB director Nikolai Patrushev gave his traditional interview to Komsomolskaya Pravda to mark the holiday celebrating the founding of the CheKa, the Bolshevik secret police. Patrushev described the FSB’s personnel as follows:
In March 2003 the FSB absorbed some of the former parts of the KGB: some departments of the ELINT agency, and the border guards. In June 2003 an amendment to the “Law on the Organs of the Federal Security Service” was signed, stipulating that the FSB will have a special body for foreign intelligence.
On March 6, 2006 the “Law on Counteraction of Terrorism” was approved. According to the law, the FSB was named as the chief body to combat terrorism and the National Antiterrorist Committee (NAK) is established. A high-level interdepartmental agency headed by the FSB director, the NAK is tasked with coordinating the security services’ antiterrorist activities. In July 2006 the FSB was given the right to eliminate terrorists abroad.
In January 2007 Vladimir Putin announced a significant increase in financing for the FSB, but no figures are presented.
On May 12, 2008. Alexander Bortnikov was named director of the FSB. Nikolai Patrushev was appointed a secretary of the Security Council of Russia.
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